Light meters / Leicameters

LEDYD (1934) New York The Leicascop

LEDQA (1934) New York Weston 617, Leicameter B.

Illustration : LEDQA,  front and back views

LEDZH (1934) New York Weston 627

Illustration :

LEDZH front and back views

WESTO (1936) New York Weston 650

Illustration :

WESTO,  front and back views (and always working!)

 

METRAWAT LC 60 (1936) The index line at the end of the body for indicating shutter speeds extended down the side to be in juxtaposition of the shutter speed index on the camera. Later models have the international  aperture scale.

 

Illustrations :

LC 60 with leather carrying case.( also always working)
 

 

 

OMBRUX for Leica,  Gossen Germany(1933)

The Ombrux  was first introduced on the fair at Leipzig in 1933. It was the first photoelectric photographic exposure meter build by Paul Gossen and marketed to the international market. The actual first meter was named Photolux however the name of this meter changed very shortly after introduction to Ombrux. With this meter he founded the Gossen company for light measuring equipment which is still existing.

The high price of the selenium element was a big problem to market the Ombrux meter for an commercial interesting price. However Paul Gossen solved this problem by deciding to start a production series of 100.000 exposure meters, so he guaranteed the manufacturer Electrocell in Berlin an order of 100.000 selenium cells, inthis way Electrocell was able to deliver the selenium cell to Paul Gossen at a price of 7.50 Reichsmarken.

At the time of the fair, Paul Gossen was able to offer the Ombrux for a price of 29.50 Reichsmarken excluding the leather case. The question was only if the time was right to offer the photographic market a meter instead of the old ways to make the exposure.

At the same time, Weston brought a meter on the market in the USA but this was a very expensive equipment. On the same fair in Leipzig was another company who brought a likewise meter on the market, Metrawatt a company from Nurnberg and founded by Dr. Siegfried Guggenheimer. 

 

Illustration : An Ombrux for Leica cell with leather carrying case and instructions for use leaflet.

 

METRAPHOT /MF or Leica Meter (New York ) in chrome and smaller than LC 60. Either DIN/WESTON/ASA or DIN/ASA films speed scale and international aperture scales f: 1/4 to f: 22. Accessory shoe at the end to connect the booster cell MBOOWT.

Illustrations:

Metraphot,  front and back views, with leather carrying cases :
 


 

METRAPHOT 2 (1954) or Leica Meter 2 (New York) a much smaller meter for all LEICA models than M. Clip for  booster cell or incident light screen.

Illustration :

Metraphot 2 with carrying leather carrying case :

 

METRAPHOT 3 (1954) or Leica Meter 3 (New York) Extended ASA/DIN scale.
Illustration :

Metraphot 3 with carrying leather case :

METRA (1955) Leicameter M. For Leica M coupled by a pin to the shutter speed dial. Early ones had DIN/AS/Weston and later ones DIN/ASA film speed scales the same booster cell now coded MBOOW fitted at the side. A flip with a slit covered the cell for bright lights conditions.
Illustration :
Leicameter M with genuine carton box and MBOOW booster cell.

 

METRA/14200 (1957) Leicameter MC improved meter cell for M cameras. Reduced dimensions in all sizes , no flap but swithch internal circuitry for light and low lights scales. Incident light mask which clipped on front and new style booster cell also clipped in front : MBOOW-C later  MBOOC/14202.

Illustrations :

Leicameter MC chrome plated with instructions for use leaflet, genuine carton box and  with incident light mask and booster.
 

Leicameter MC Black paint with instructions for use leaflet, genuine carton box and  with incident light mask.

14210 (1966) Leicameter MR The first CdS meter with smaller acceptable angle equivalent to that of  the 90mm lens, two selected range selected by a similar switch as the MC model requiring an internal power source. On/Off switch on the end and sliding battery check on front.
Illustration:
One Leicameter MR in black paint finish, the other in chrome finish with their respectives carton boxes and instructions for use leaflet.

Leicameter MR Black paint with  genuine carton box.

14217 (1967) New Leicameter MR generally know as MR 4.
On/Off switch moved to the top as a slide in order not to obstruct the rewind crank on the newly introduced LEICA M 4 .

Illustration:
One Leicameter MR in black chrome finish, the other in chrome finish with their respectives carton boxes and instructions for use leaflet.

Extract from Viewfinder magazine Vol 45, N 3, 2012 Lex Bosman article "Leicameters for Leica M and variants" courtesy of the author

 

Some Leicameter advertising